The Himalayas are the home to the highest peaks in the world like the Mt.Everest, K2 and Kanchenjunga; but did you know they are also the youngest mountain range in the world? Yes, they are just 70 million years old and were formed when India collided with Eurasia.
We bring you some interesting and amazing facts about Himalayas.
1. Abode of Snow.
‘Himalaya’ means “Abode of Snow”; literally it means ‘hima'(snow), ‘alaya'(abode).The upper portion of the Mount Everest (above 5,500 km) is covered with snow that never melts. The glaciers situated around this mountain range provide crystal-clear fresh water.
2. Various Cultures and Prominent Pilgrimage centers.
Religious destinations like Kedarnath, Badrinath, Amarnath are situated here.
It is also home to a number of Buddhist Monasteries.
3. Unbelievable Statistics.
A 2013 article in National Geographic noted 19,121 people above a base camp and 6,206 Everest summits up to the year 2012. Over 2500 people died due to avalanches and lack of oxygen.
Mt.Everest is the most climbed peak.
4. Unarguably highest mountains in the world.
The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world, with 30 peaks towering over 24, 000 feet. They are about 1,490 miles (2,400 km) in length, averaging about 200 to 250 miles (320 to 400 km) in width.
5. Home to exotic flora and fauna.
Snow leopard, Wild goat, Tibetan sheep, Musk deer, Mountain goats and many more.
Many beautiful birds like Himalayan Bulbul and Flameback woodpecker are found in this region.
6. The naming of Mt.Everest.
The Mt.Everest was named by Sir Andrew Waugh, a British Army Officer to give respect to his predecessor, Colonel Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843.
7. Geographically Alive.!
The Indo-Australian plate is still moving at 67 mm per year, and over the next 10 million years, it will travel about 1,500 km into Asia.!
8. Home to the greatest rivers on Earth.
Rivers like -The Ganges, The Indus, The Brahmaputra, The Mekong, The Yangtze and The Yellow Rivers originate from the Himalayas and from the Tibetan Plateau.
9. Natural Barrier
The Himalayas served as a natural barrier for thousands of years, for the people of India, China and Nepal.
10. It covers 0.4% of the earth’s surface.!
It includes 612,021 square km of the total 153,295,000 square km area of the earth.
11. Youngest Mountain peaks stretching across six countries.
India, Pakistan, Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal and Afghanistan are the six countries.!
12. Sagarmatha: Goddess of the universe
The locals, owing to the majestic height and intimidation of the rocky range, call the Himalaya mountains as the ‘Sagarmatha’, meaning the ‘mother of the universe’.
13. Beware of Earthquakes
Because of the great amount of tectonic motion still occurring at the site, the Himalayas have a proportionally high number of earthquakes and tremors.
14. A total of 25 points exceeds the 8000-metre mark in the Himalayas
You may have known about the Everest being the highest peak at 8848 metres, but a total of 25 points cross the 8000-metre mark.
15. Tenzig Norgay buried his daughter’s pencils on the top of the Everest
Yep, One of the very first men to climb the Everest buried his daughter’s pencils in the mountain.
16. The himalayas stretch over 75% of Nepal
Nepal is known for this very fact to be a famous tourist country.
17. The Himalayas keep India safe from Cold waves from the north.
The cold waves of Siberia are blocked by this natural majestic barrier year in and year out, keeping our country warm.
18. The Himalayas are believed to be the abode of lord Shiva
The Himalayas are closely linked to Hinduism in this manner.
19. The Himalayas are the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, after Antarctica and the Arctic.
There are approximately 15,000 glaciers located throughout the range. At 48 miles (72 km) in length, the Himalayan Siachen glacier is the largest glacier outside the poles.
Other notable glaciers located in the Himalayas include the Baltoro, Biafo, Nubra, and Hispur.
20. Siachen glacier, the highest battlefield is on the Himalayas.
India and Pakistan pitted against each other on the highest battlefield in the world, the Siachen glacier.
Enough reasons? Now start packing up!