Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the greatest leader India has ever produced, was the leader who guided India towards Independence after the nation was under the British rule for over 250 years. His contributions cannot merely be measured in words for he lead the Indian freedom struggle from the front. Here is a list of some iconic movements lead by the Father of the Nation, an inspiration to millions:
1. Champaran agitation:
The Champaran farmers were being forced to grow Indigo and when they protested, the british resented to torture them. The farmers asked for Gandhi’s help and through a calculated non-violent agitation, Gandhi managed to win concessions from the authority. This was Gandhi’s first ever active involvement into Indian freedom politics.
2. Kheda Satyagraha:
Kheda, a village in Gujarat, was badly hit by floods, the local farmers pleaded for tax exemption. Gandhi started an iconic campaign where peasants pledged non-payment of taxes. He also facilitated a social boycott of the revenue officials. In 1918, the Government gave relief to the conditions of payment of revenue tax until the famine ended because of the public support Gandhi got in May 1918.
3. Khilafat Movement:
Gandhi’s approach towards the Muslim population has increased after he found the position of Congress was quite weak and unstable. After the first World War, the Muslims feared for the safety of their Caliph (Religious leader) and a worldwide protest was being organised to fight against the declining status of Caliph. Gandhi arranged an All India Muslim Conference, and became the main person for the event. This movement helped Muslims so much that the success of this movement made him the national leader within no time and made his position stronger in Congress party.
4. Non-cooperation Movement:
The sole reason for the inception of Non-cooperation movement was the brutal Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. It triggered so much movement in Gandhi that he had realized that the British had been able to be in India only because of the co-operation they received from the Indians.That was when he decided to call for a non-cooperation movement. With the Congress’ support and his indomitable spirit, he convinced people that peaceful non-cooperation was the key to Independence. Gandhi set the goal of Swaraj or self-governance, which since then became the viral and the main of Indian freedom movement.
5. Salt March:
Also known as the Dandi March, this is considered to be a pivotal incident in the history of freedom struggle. Gandhi started focusing on expanding initiatives against untouchability, alcoholism and removal of all bad habits. At the Congress of 1928 in Calcutta, Gandhi declared that the British must grant India dominion status or the country will erupt into a revolution for complete independence. The British did not pay heed to this and as a result, on December 31, 1929, the Indian flag was unfurled in Lahore and the next January 26 was celebrated as the Indian Independence Day. On the 24th day, he vowed to produce more salt without paying any tax and soon he broke the law for salt, which sparked outrage among Britishers. After this, Gandhi was arrested and this news gained a lot of attention in the press.
6. Quit India Movement:
Quit India Movement was basically a civil disobedience movement launched in the year 1942. The phrase Do or Die was used here first where a mass protest led by the All India Congress Committee was proclaimed on a large scale. During these movements by Gandhi, a lot of political leaders and followers got imprisoned for a long period of time. But then British Government finally realized that India will no longer be under their control and the main question raised was how to exit peacefully from such a terrible ordeal.