27 Interesting facts about South India.
South India is a region in India comprising of five Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
We bring you the facts about South India which will leave you amazed.
1. South India was ruled by more than 18 dynasties over a period of 4000 years
The most important dynasties are Cheras, Cholas, Chalukyas, Sathavahanas, Pallavas, Hoysalas, Kadambas, Wodeyars, Kakatiyas, Rashtrakutas and the Vijayanagara Empire.
The rise of the Muslim empire in South India took place in 1323 CE and was then followed by the Nizams and British Empire from the 18th century.
2. Home to exquisite silk and cotton clothing
From the silk saris of Kerala to the Pochampally pattu saris of Telangana, each and every sari is a testimony to the regal beauty of South Indian women.
Kanchipuram’s silk sari; also known as Kanjeevaram sari is South India’s answer to the Banarasi Silk saris.
Among men’s attire; the South Indian silk Dhotis and Kanduvas (scarves) are highly regarded.
3.South India is home to a variety of classical dance forms
Bharatanatyam from Tamil Nadu, Kuchipudi from Andhra Pradesh, Kathakali from Kerala and Yakshagana from Karnataka are the dance forms that are popular all over the world.
4.Among the six classical languages in India, four are from South India.
Yes, you’re guessing them right.!
Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu. An interesting fact is that many of the South Indians speak at least two of these languages.
5. It is home to the largest biodiversity in India
The region harbors over 450 bird species, about 140 mammalian species, 260 reptiles and 175 amphibians; in addition to over 6000 plant species. Most of the commonly used spices like cardamom and black pepper originate from this region.
6. It constitutes 19.31 % of the entire country’s geographic area
South India occupies 19.31% of India’s area
i.e; 245,480 sq.mi.
7. One-fifth of the entire Indian population reside in South India
With a population of 252 million, i.e. 25 crores; 20% of the country’s population are South Indians.
252,557,336; to be precise!
8. The economic growth of the region is more than twice that of North India
Annual economic growth of the country is 8% and in South India, it is 17%.
9. South India grows 48% India’s entire cotton produce
35% of the entire cotton in India is grown in the second largest city of Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore.
10. South India is the largest producer of spices in India
According to a 2011 research, India holds the top spot as the largest producer of spices in the world; producing over 15 lakm metric tonnes. More than 9 lakh of these are grown in South India.
Kerala tops the list and that is why Vasco da Gama came there and started the whole colonization thing.
11. South India consists of 9 UNESCO World Heritage Sites
9 out of 32 UNESCO World Heritage sites in India are in South India!
12. Intricate stone work
The intricate sculptures and inscriptions in South Indian temples give deep insights into the history; tradition and culture of the peninsula.
The inscriptions in the temples were usually commissioned by some empire or the other, telling their stories; thus giving us deep historical knowledge about the empire and the temple.
The region is filled with architectural marvels; whether it is the Nizami architecture of Hyderabad; Kakatiya architecture in Warangal or the temples in Tanjore.
The region has an interesting amalgamation of Nizami, Dravidian and western architecture styles.
14. Home of the wealthiest temples in the world
Sree Ananthapadmanabha Swamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala is known as the ‘Richest Temple in the World’ and is valued at a staggering $22.3 billion in all.
Tirupati has an annual revenue of Rs 57 crores.
15.South India is considered to have the best bus facilities in India.
With a mind boggling number of 68,055 state-run buses in the respective states, every corner of South India is well connected.
SourceBook 4 Tickets
The highest number of buses operated on a single day are 22,100 by Tamil Nadu and the least being Kerala with 6,145.
16. Puducherry is the only union territory to have four different enclaves.
Puducherry is the only union territory in India which has its pockets in three different states. It was ruled by the French East India Company and a lot of French architecture can be seen there.
Yanam in Andhra Pradesh, Mahe in Kerala, Karaikal and Puducherry in Tamil Nadu.
18. The most popular breakfast foods; Dosa and Idly are ethnic to South IndiaSourceSouth Report
Upma, Uttapam, Pongal and more than 17 types of breakfast dishes are ethnic to South India
19.South India’s literacy rate is more than that of the National literacy rate.
Literacy rate in South India is 80% while the national literacy rate is 62.8%
20. South India has world class metropolitan cities
While Hyderabad and Bangalore are IT hubs, with many giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and a lot more; Chennai and Visakhapatnam have been hubs for trade and commerce for centuries now.
21. Religious balance
Unlike many North Indian states which usually see a concentration of one religion or the other; the religious demographics of South India is more balanced.
22.Most of the major political parties established here are by the famous film personalities.
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR), M.G.Ramachandra Rao, J.Jayalalithaa, Karunanidhi and Dr.Rajkumar to name a few, were immensely popular in the film industry who later contributed to their respective state politics.
23.The four film industries which are nationally and globally recognized after Bollywood are present here.
Very easy to guess, Tollywood for Andhra Pradesh and Telangana;
Kollywood for Tamil, Mollywood for Malayalam and Sandalwood for Kannada.
24. 36% of the National Agricultural produce is from South India
This includes all the pulses and lentils, dairy produces, poultry and all other fruits, coffee and nuts grown in this region.
25.Employment at its best!
The regular IT firms Infosys, Cognizant and Wipro hired 90 lakh people in the last ten years.
Employment in tourism has also grown vigorously due to the reforms and promotions made by the respective state governments.
26. The region holds the second spot in the number of privately owned two-wheelers in Asia.
In fact, it is second only to China.
27. 75% of India’s total coconut produce comes from South India.
Apart from the South Indian states; only Goa, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Odisha produce coconuts.
South India has a lot to offer. If ever we missed any points, please feel free to comment and share.