Hyderabad was established as a city in 1591 and it was ruled by several rulers who left their marks on the city in the form of many magnificent monuments. Here’s taking a look at some monuments that you must see when you are in the city.
1. Golkonda Fort:
This fort, completed in the 1600s, was the stronghold of the Qutub Shahi Empire. An architectural marvel, it is known for its acoustics; which served as a warning system in the olden days.
2. Taramati Baradari:
This was constructed by the Qutub Shahi ruler Abdullah Qutub Shah, who built it for his favorite courtesan, Taramati. Taramati Baradari pavilion has 12 doorways and was constructed to allow cross ventilation and is one of the most indigenous techniques to have been used at that time
3. Qutub Shahi Tombs:
The Qutub Shahi Tombs, near Golkonda Fort are the resting place of 7 rulers of the Qutub Shahi dynasty and are a blend of Persian, Pashtun and Hindu architectural styles. The tombs are structures with intricately carved stonework and are surrounded by landscaped gardens.
4. Paigah Tombs:
The Paigahs were the most powerful family in the Hyderabad state; after the Nizams and their tombs are among the many architectural wonders in Hyderabad. Intricately designed and constructed, the necropolis where these tombs are located is still used by descendants of the Paigah family.
5. Raymond’s Obelisk:
Raymond’s Obelisk, also known as Raymond’s tomb, is a memorial constructed in the memory of Michel Joachim Marie Raymond; a French General who served in the Nizam’s Army. The monument was in a state of neglect till recently, before the government took over the maintenance.
6. Spanish Mosque:
The Spanish mosque, also known as Masjid Iqbal Ud Daula or Aiwan-E-Begumpet, is one-of-its-kind mosque in India. Constructed in 1906 by the Paigah Noble, Sir Vikhar-ul-Umra Iqbal-ud-Dowla, this mosque also known as the Mosque of the Moors, due to its unique Hispanic (Moorish) style of architecture.
7. Mecca Masjid:
One of the oldest mosques in Hyderabad and one of the largest mosques in India, Mecca Masjid was constructed by the fifth Qutub Shahi ruler, Quli Qutub Shah. It is said that he ordered soil to be brought from Mecca to build this mosque; and hence the name.
8. Asman Garh Palace:
One of the many palaces built by the Paigahs, this palace is based on Gothic architecture; setting it apart from the rest of the monuments in Hyderabad. Now, it houses a school.
9. Chowmoholla Palace:
Built in the 1880s, this palace is believed to have been modelled after the Shah of Iran’s palace. The palace consists of two courtyards as well as the grand Khilwat (the Dharbar Hall), fountains and gardens and still belongs to the Nizami family.
10. Salarjung Museum:
This place turned museum is a must visit as it is two birds at one shot – one gets to see the Palace of the Salar Jungs (who were a noble family in Hyderabad) and also see the grandest collection of historical artefacts. In fact, all the artefacts on display in the museum were the personal collection of the Salar Jung family. It is also one of the largest museums in the world.
11. Falaknuma Palace:
One of the grandest palaces in Hyderabad, this was built by the Paigah family in 1893 and was later gifted to the Nizams. It is now one of the most expensive hotels in India.
12. King Kothi:
A splendid building constructed in European architectural style, with canopies over windows, the intricate woodwork, the sloping tiled roofs and the classical semicircular arches; was constructed by a businessman named Kamal Khan. It was later gifted to the Nizams and the last Nizam, was born there and lived there all his life.
13. British Residency:
This mansion was constructed by James Achilles Kirkpatrick who was British Resident of Hyderabad state between 1798–1805. It is similar in design to the American building, the White House. The place now houses the Osmania University College for Women.
14. Victoria Memorial:
It was built as a palace for the Sixth Nizam, Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, but was later converted into an orphanage. Originally called Saroornagar-e-Mahal, the palace is now an orphanage.
This list would be totally incomplete without talking about the one monument that became the symbol of the city. Charminar was constructed by Quli Qutub Shah, the Qutub Shahi ruler who established the city of Hyderabad; and was built in 1591. Depicting Indo-Arabian architecture, this is one of the most famous monuments in India.